Student loans have become more and more of a problem over the years. Students are becoming dependent on larger loan amounts to cover their tuition with ever rising costs to attend college. 70% of graduates are now leaving school with debt, owing an average of almost $38,000, a difference of almost $30,000 when comparing it to the average debt that baby boomers had coming out of school. Not to mention those who decide to continue their education looking at even more substantial amounts of debt coming out of graduate school.


Realizing the magnitude of taking on student loan debt:


  1. In total student loan debt in the United States exceeds $1.4 Trillion a number that is close to the GDP of Belize which has a population of close to 400,000 people. By just that one number alone you can tell that becoming part of that ever-growing debt system you can potentially keep paying on student loans for a major portion of your life. You need to analyze the potential impact it can have on you starting a fruitful career. A lot of what your post graduate years will depend on is where you live or where you plan on living, because the living costs will be much different in Los Angeles, California than they would be in Des Moines, Iowa. There is always going to be a risk in taking a student loan, but if necessary then you need to make sure to go over the small things that could derail your long-term plan (such as living expenses, transportation, years spent in college, gpa, scholarship opportunities) all of which take on a bigger role when combined.


  1. This is not just a millennial problem. Increasing student loan debt has effected parents and grandparents as well. Over 33% of student loan debt is held by people 40 years and older. More than 80% of seniors who are in default incurred their debt for their own educations. One thing that is apparent when it comes to student loans is that the families that are taking them out are doing enough to receive the aid, but usually do not do enough to discuss the responsibilities and setting up a proper plan to pay back the student loans.


  1. “The national student loan default rate, 11.8 percent a year ago, stands at 11.3 percent. It is one of the most closely watched metrics in higher education because schools with default rates of 30 percent or more run the risk of losing access to federal student aid.” The fact is that colleges run like a business and they are willing to taking on defaulting student loan debt, but if a 30% rate was reached especially by a larger school the financial impact could reach much greater than to the school just losing federal support, they will affect careers, jobs, students’ futures and the surrounding economy those people would ultimately feed into and contribute to, which could create ruins to areas of our nation. We see many schools that struggle to get federal support and the impact that it has on the surrounding community, which is devastating.


  1. We can appreciate the scope of the problem by considering a hypothetical recent college graduate who earns $50,000 per year but, for the first five years of her career, foregoes contributions to her 401(k) plan at a rate of, say, 4 percent of salary. During this period she also misses out on a dollar-for-dollar employer match on those contributions. If we assume she would have earned an average annual return of 6 percent on her investment, she will have lost $245,000 of potential retirement wealth by the time she reaches the normal Social Security retirement age of 67.



For many people college is a big step and can cause a great financial burden, but know with the proper planning and understanding of the undertaking you can keep on track to being financial secure and having a college degree.











Charitable Gifting Through Life Insurance

Many people don’t realize that using life insurance can make a powerful impact in the planning needs of your favorite charities. The “leverage” that can be used to make gifts allows the amount of the policy’s death benefit to usually far exceed the premiums that were paid into the policy, while still keeping things very flexible. There are many simple ways to use life insurance in charitable gifting:

  1. You can gift a policy’s dividends to a charity, such as a dividend-paying whole life policy
  2. Change your current beneficiary to a charity
  3. Gift a policy that is no longer needed to a charity
  4. A common plan is to buy a new policy with the charity being a full, or partial beneficiary, and making gifts to pay the premiums.
  5. Buy a large life insurance policy to back a future donation, because of the lower costs of the premiums vs. the amount of the death benefit.
  6. Gift a highly appreciated asset to a charity for tax benefits, and purchase a life insurance to replace its value for your heirs.

An example:

Jane is 70, and has a $200,000 C.D. at the bank. She doesn’t need the money, but wants to create a meaningful endowment to her favorite charity. However, she also wants her children to inherit the $200k at her death. Jane purchases a cash value life insurance policy with a

$475,000 death benefit, and names her charity as a beneficiary for a portion of the policy proceeds ($275k), and her children ($200k). Incidentally, if Jane needs the money or changes her mind, she still has access to her cash values in the policy. Also, the policy can be further designed to include a chronic illness benefit (similar to long term care) or critical illness protection (cancer, heart, stroke, Alzheimer’s, etc.)

The above example is just one of many different ways to plan for charitable gifting using life insurance. There is also potential income, estate, gift, and capital gains benefits that can be provided. Life insurance can be a tremendous tool for many charitable gifting programs, and makes a wonderful, powerful impact. When designing a life insurance policy, make sure to use a knowledgeable professional, and consult with your trusted tax advisor for tax benefits.

Pat Moran is an experienced financial professional, and recognized as a leading financial educator for the American Financial Literacy Institute. Pat specializes in many aspects of financial education, and conservative solutions for helping people to invest and protect their money. He can be reached at (602) 571-1035

How to Pay for Long-Term Care

Are you retiring anytime soon? Are you worried that you will have enough money? What happens to your money if you get sick, or need long term care during retirement?

The statistics are from 35% to as much as 70% may need some form of long term care before they pass away, and the costs could run in the tens of thousands of dollars.  Many people don’t want to get long term care insurance because they may not use it, and like a lot of insurance programs, you end up paying a lot of money for something you may never use!  It’s a roll of the dice, but there are alternative ways to get some long term care protection.  In particular, a “hybrid” insurance approach could be a great way to have LTC protection, but still have significant benefits if you don’t need to use.  Best of all, some of these policies can even include coverage for critical illnesses, like cancer, heart attack, or stroke, which can also be financially devastating.   We wanted to share this article that was presented on NBC’s Today show, January 10th.

Read the Today Show Article (includes informative videos):

If you don’t have $250,000 to spare, how to pay for long-term medical bills?

If you want to have a healthy retirement, there’s a big wild card you need to be prepared for: health care expenses. Medical costs, especially unexpected ones, can add up. A 65-year-old couple will need an estimated $260,000 to pay for unreimbursed medical expenses through retirement — and that doesn’t include long-term care, according to Fidelity Investments…  READ MORE >

When Buying Life Insurance…

1.) Don’t be intimidated by the fee structure-

The fees associated with life insurance actually decrease over the long term, and can even be considerably less expensive than those charged by an advisor, or a mutual fund.  According to an article in Forbes, mutual funds are actually charging on average 2.75% because of trading costs, which don’t have to be reported.  In the article, “Busting the Biggest Myth of Modern Finance,” after 20 years, a dividend-paying whole life policy fees equated to what would be a mutual fund with annual fee of .50% in a side by side comparison.  As a matter of fact, a mutual fund with a “little” annual 1.5% fee could cost as much as 8 times more than a life insurance policy over time!  Don’t let the fees distract you from buying cash value life insurance.

2.)  Do consider the “living benefits”-

Many people don’t realize that life insurance can provide access to your death benefit to pay for heart attack, cancer, stroke, Alzheimer’s, and even long term care.  Almost 70% of bankruptcies and foreclosures are related to medical expenses.  Does your policy provide living benefits protection?

3.) Don’t undervalue yourself and your spouse-

What is your life really worth? Don’t underestimate the full potential of your earnings power.  If you have a life insurance policy worth $ 200k, then in essence you are saying that if I die my life was worth only $ 200k!  According to numerous statistics, over 58% of the people feel they are under-insured.  Furthermore, often there is insurance on the primary bread winner, but nothing on the stay-at-home spouse, who is working just as hard to take care of the family.  According to salary.com, the cost to replace someone to take care of child care and other house responsibilities would be over $ 100,000 per year.  Also, your spouse runs the same risks of needing “living benefits” protection as well.

4.) Don’t believe in buying term and “investing the rest”-

Mainly because you won’t!!  Research has shown that less than 1% of people actually end up investing the rest.

5.) Don’t buy life insurance over the internet-

Most people don’t realize that it doesn’t cost you any more commissions to work with an insurance specialist.  With all the products available, and numerous planning possibilities, why wouldn’t you work with someone to design an insurance program that is tailored to meet your specific needs?

6.) Do consider a cash value policy-

Guess who is the largest purchasers of cash value life insurance…banks and corporate America.  If it’s good enough for them, then it might be good enough for you to consider.  It’s not a short term play, but cash value insurance can increase dramatically over the longer term..10, 15, 20 years.  Historically, a equity index universal life policy has averaged as much as 8% a year. It tracks it’s performance against the S&P 500 index, which traditionally has been a good place to consider investing a portion of your money.  Also, because of the way the product is designed, it doesn’t lose money if the market goes down.  As a matter of fact, during the stock market correction in 2008, it didn’t lose anything!  Cash value life insurance can provide tremendous flexibility.  It can be used for numerous financial goals such as college planning, retirement, asset protection, and even tax reduction strategies.

Life insurance gets a bad rap, but it stems from a lack of education.  It can be a great way to cover a lot of financial bases, provide diversification, and protect you and your family.









The Myths of Long-term Care

While I was on vacation recently, I received 2 panicky phone calls from clients that had to make arrangements for loved ones because of their inability to take care of themselves.  In both cases, the parent fell down, injured themselves, and were required to be in the hospital for a few days.  As a matter of fact, one of my client’s dad fell down again after only being home from the hospital for a few hours, requiring him to go back because of a possible head injury.  Fortunately, in both cases, I had done a little bit of planning so there was some help with the long term decisions that were going to have to be made.  However, the kids had really very little clue as to what to do, if their parents had enough money to get some help, or how to structure the finances.  What really surprised them was they thought that Medicare was going to help pay for most of this….NO!  So, I thought I would spend a few minutes preparing you to better handle a long term care situation.

1.)  What is meant by long term care?

The industry definition is the loss of one’s ability to perform the Activities of Daily Living, such as bathing, using the bathroom, eating, getting dressed, walking, doing household chores, etc.  It involves intimate aspects of people’s lives that allow them to take care of themselves, being able to take care of themselves.  Long term care is the loss of some capacity for self care.  A long care situation is usually associated with the loss of 2 Activities of Daily Living.

2).  It probably won’t happen to my parents-

Unfortunately, statistics tell a much different story.  I recently saw a Fidelity Investments study from 2012, that estimates a retiring couple should have some $ 240,000+ dollars earmarked for medical expenses, with the number rising substantially if a serious long term care event happens.  According to the Family Caregiver Alliance, they expect the number of people needing long term to double to over 13 million as our population continues to get older.  Medical science is also doing a very good job at keeping people alive longer, and the population segment over people turning 100 years of age is growing extremely fast.  According to an AARP study, people 65 years and older have a 68% chance of being cognitively impaired or will require some type of long term care assistance.

3.) Medicare will pay for it-

What Medicare covers and pays for is so misunderstood, and it was never designed to be a long term care program.  It was put together originally back in 1965, as a health insurance plan for Americans age 65 and older who had paid taxes for Medicare over 10 years, or could be covered if they paid a monthly premium.  It has a lot of pieces and parts, which is why I sometimes think it takes a PhD to understand the program.  Basically it consists of Part “A” & Part “B”.  Part “A”, which has been referred to as hospital care, does have some potential skilled nursing facility/home health care benefits. Medicare pays a limited number of days for “skilled” nursing home care up to 100 days provided it is nursing care on an inpatient basis such as intravenous drugs.  However, it doesn’t pay for care that doesn’t require medical knowledge, such as helping people with the daily activities of living! Furthermore, once you have exhausted your 100 days of “skilled” nursing home care, you have used up your Medicare benefits for that period.

4.) We will pay for it on our own or just take care of them-

The average costs for private long term care in Maricopa County is over $ 75,000 per year, with home health care costing as much as $ 40,000+.  According to a Fidelity Investment study from 2012, it estimates that retiring couples should have some $ 240,000+ earmarked for medical expenses.  Additionally, over 78% of the people needing long term care assistance depend solely on their family as their sole source of help.  NHPF estimates that families spent a staggering $ 200 billion+ dollars on long term care services, with the average family spending over 20 hours per week helping someone that needed long term care assistance.  The economic value of this care has been valued at over $ 450 billion dollars.  What is scary is that most research estimates that by 2030, unless we have a significant increase in savings rates for long term care, and strengthening of government programs, many retirees will face serious problems getting care.  According to the last census, over 50% of people have no plan to help pay for long term care, or increasing healthcare costs.  Will your family have enough time or money to help your loved ones?

5.) You need a plan!

People need to be considering all their options when planning for future medical expenses associated with long term care.

A.) Consult a long term care professional about purchasing long term care insurance.  You may want to include a daily benefit amount, like a $200 per day, and provides an inflation rider to increase as long term care costs rise, maybe a 3% increase rider.  Also, include a long enough benefit period as it is estimated that long term care situations last an average of 2 to 3 years, even out to 5 years+.  The policies can run around $ 3000 to $ 4000 for a 55 year old couple, but the younger and healthier you are, the less costly the policy and the easier it is to get it. In some cases, these premiums can be tax deductible so consult your tax professional.

B.)  If you have a cash value life insurance plan, consider transferring into a new plan that included a chronic illness/living benefits rider.  This will allow you to use a substantial portion of the death benefit while you are alive to help pay for the monthly costs of long term care.

C.)  Consider annuities that provide some look care benefits, or will help to offset the costs.

D.) You may want to meet with an estate planning attorney about different strategies to help with a long term care plan.  E.) You may want to start an additional savings plan that is specifically targeted to help pay for long term care/medical expenses, or work with an advisor to restructure your current income plan.  Also, dormant assets like unused IRA’s, C.D.’s, possible equity in your home, could be used to help address these needs.  However, you need to plan, and with Government resources stretched so thin already, having control over your destiny would seem to make the most sense.